Home News PhotoStamps Stamps Issue About us

FLORA AND FAUNA  2004

The issue of flora and fauna stamps is meant to remind us the important role of Indonesia as the castodian of the most important safehouse of tropical biological diversity in the world. Conservation of biological diversity is not concerened solely with the preservation of plants and animals that provide some useful service. Even more important, protecting biological diversity relates to the range of generic material provided by Nature.

In 2004 the Directorate General of Post and Telecommunications issues a series of flora and fauna special stamps depicting three sorts medicinal plants, two kinds of arachnids and an insect. At the same time PT Pos Indonesia (Persero) issues a set of first day covers bearing the same theme. The details of the theme are as follows:

FLORA

Alstonia Scholari (L.) R.Br

Family: Apocynaceae

Description:

The medical plant is also used as shade tree and popularity known as pulai in Indonesian or pule (Javanese) and lame (Sundanese). The tree has the potential to rise up to 45 m above the ground, black-striped coloured. The diameter of the tree trunk is 60 cm. Single leaf, arranged 4-5 encircling the trunk, oval, bright and shiny green and dull at the other side, 10-13 cm in length and 3-7.5 cm width. The stem of the leaf is 7.5 15 cm. The sweet smelling trumpet-shaped flowers grow in clusters 13 cm in length, coming out at the end of tree stem or the corner of leaf stem, yellowish white in colour. The cylinder-shaped fruit is gree, black and fragile when ripe, 20-50 cm long, containing may seeds. The seed is thin, 1.5-2 cm long, furry at one end.

Habitat spread:

The pulai grows in level land, 0.5 1050 above sea level. It is found along the river bankas and mountain slopes of India, Sri Langka, Malaysia, Australia and Pasific islands.

Benefit:

The bark is used as the main ingrediant of traditional medicine or jamu, especially to combat fever, stomach-ache and dysentry. The wood is used to enclose grafite to make pencils and sometimes also as fuel. The upai is also an effective shade tree.

Parkia roxburghill G.Don

Family: Fabaceae

Description:

Local people call the medicinal plant kedahung or kedawung and pendeuy (Sundanese). The tree can grow as tall as 40-50 m, brownish black with somewhat coarse surface. The leaves grow in compound arrangement consisting of 60-80 small shiny green leaves measuring 4-10 mm x 1-2 mm. The flower has a form somewhat like comb cob with the diameter of 2 cm. The seed pod is thin, 20-35 cm long and 3-4.5 wide, containing 15-20 seeds. The seed is oval, thin, 10-15 mm long, 10 mm wide, black when ripe.

Habitat and spread:

The kedawung grows in Java, Kalimantan, Sumatera and Malaysian Peninsula.

Benefit:

 The seeds are used traditionally to combat stomach ache, gastro-enteritis and cholera, while the leaves are for the treatment of ulcers and wounds.

Cinnamomun sintoc BI

Family: Lauraceae

Description:

The species is called sintok in Indonesia, wuru sintok (Javanese), huru sintok (Sundanese) and Madang sangit or madang lawang (Sumatera) and grows up to 20-35 m tall above the ground, brownish black coloured, of which the diameter can reach 70 cm, the wood is brownish red., sweet-smelling resembling cloves. The oval leaf measures 7-17.5 x 2.5-5.5 cm, of which the bones forms three projections, glossy purplish-red and green when still young. The flowers are arranged in clusters.

Habitats and spread: The sintok grows in the forests, 700-1700 above sea level.

Benefit: Traditionally people use the sintok for the treatment of rheumatism, insect bites, dysentry, ucler inthe mouth and to combat intestinal worms.

FAUNA

Scolopendra subspinipes Leach

Locally the long(19 23 cm) and thin venomous arachnid (centipede) is called lipan. The exoskeleton is brown,yellowish green or reddish brown at the back. The is body divided into the head and abdomen. A pair of antennas consisting of 18-19 joints are found at the head. The abdomen is divided into 21 23 joints, each provided with pair of nailed leg (the characteristic of chilpoda group), at the far and the legs form forking branches. The venomous fangs are functioning to destroy muscular tissue. The bite can cause a severe hurt but not causing death to human being. It lays 15-20 eggs at the same time. The lipan can live up to 10 years and during its 2-3 years it changes its exoskeleton several time. The nocturnal arachind is a predator and solitaire. It kills and eats insects, spiders, earth worms, house lizards, young birds and young mice. It lives between wood cracks, under heaps of woods, stones or ruins. It is a cosmopolitan species.

Heterometrus cyaneus Koch

This kind of rather large scorpion is locally called ketonggeng (javanese) or langgir/langir ( sundanese), 13 cm in length, of which exoskeleton is shiny brown or dark green. The lobster-like body is provided  with a poisonous stinger on its tail. Like the legs,the tail has brownish red color. The stinger can go as far as its mouth when it pounces on its prey. Though the sting is not as dangerous as that of  scorpion from Africa, Middle East and  Tropical America, still it can cause a severe hurt. The predator kills and eats spider, insects, invertebrates and house lizards. The body is divided into head, chest and abdomen. The head and the Chest are united to anchor a pair jagged pincers and four pairs of legs. The abdomen is flat but the tail is clyndric formed. It gets adult by the age of  2-3 years during which it sheds its skin 8-9 times. It breeds once or twice a year and each time produces 20-35 young ones. The mother carries the weak young ones on her back. The scorpion is both nocturnal and cannibal. It kills and eats another  scorpion which is shedding its skin or a male one after mating game. It is used to live in dark and damp places, in tunnels, wood crack, under heaps of woods rocks and ruins. The species spread as far as from India to South East Asia.

Gryllotalpa hirsuta

The mole cricket which is called anjing tanah in Indonesian, orong-orong (Javanese) or ga-ang (Sundanese) belongs to Gryllotalpa spp. There are for kinds of this insects  in Indonesia, namely Gryllotalp hirsuta, G. africana, G.longipennis and G.fusca. Measuring 39-47 cm in length, it is provided with pair of big and strong legs to make ducts in the damp and wet soil for its dwelling place. In the evening this insect produces high-pitched chirping sound by rubbing its wings. This insect is considered to be harmful because it feeds mainly on the roots of young mandarin, chocolate,  coffee, pepper, sugar cane and tobacco. Nocturnal as it is, the species will seek shades underground during the day. It lays about 100 eggs in the soil. It enjoys pre-adult age in 10 months of its 1-3 years of life cycle and adults or mature age in 2-3 months. During pre-adult age it changes its skin about 9-11 times. This insect is found easily throughout  Indo-Malaysian area, covering Malaysia (Serawak) and Indonesian (Sumatra, Jawa, Kalimantan and Sumba).

  

TECHNICAL DETAIL

STAMPS

Classification Stamp : Special Stamp

Product code   : 041011

Issue Date       : 5 November 2004

Designs & Denominations  : 1/6 Kedawung/Parkia roxburghii Rp 1,500.00

                                           2/6 Kalajengking/Heterometrus Rp 1,500.00

                                           3/6 Sintok/Cinnamomum sintok Rp 1,500.00

                                            4/6 Orong-orong/Gryllotalpa hirsuta Rp 1,500.00

                                            5/6 Pule/Apoynaceae  Rp 1,500.00

                                            6/6  Lipan/Scolopendra subspinipes Leach rp 1,500.00

Size                 : 31.96 mm x 31.96 mm 

Perforations      : 12.75 x 13.50

Colour             : 6 colours

Paper               : White unwatermarked 

Gum                 : PVA

Printing Process : Combination of Offset & Rotogravure

Printing quantity     : 180,000 sets 

Sheet composition : 36 pcs (6x6)  

Price per Sheet       : Rp 54,000.00

Designers         : Peruri Design Team (Triadi M, M.Nurasyid, I Ketut Wiarsana, Chairul Akbar) 

Printer              : Perum Peruri

 

SOUVENIR SHEET

Product code     : 043011

Price                 : Rp 6,000.00

Printing quantity : 30,000 sheets

Designer           : Peruri Design Team 

 

FIRST DAY COVER (FDC)

Product code     : 042011

Price                 : Rp 13,000.00/set (2 FDCs)

Printing quantity : 4,000 sets

Designer           : Tata Sugiarta 

Stamp Sales Period : 5 November 2004 - 31 December 2007

Period of Validity For Postage : 5 November  2004 - 31 December 2009

 

Others Related Series: