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FLORA & FAUNA 2006

New Found Species in Papua

At the end of the year 2005, a group of scientist organized an international exhibition called Foja Expedition to explore wildlife of the isolated Foja Mountains on Papua Island (Indonesia's part or New Guinea) in the tropical South Pasific. The expedition was sponsored by US-based Conservation International (CitutI), the Indonesian Institute of Science (LIPI), Cendrawasih University and Papua Institute of Conservation and Nature Resource. They trekked through an area in the mist-shrouded Foja Mountains, located just north of the vast Mamberamo Basin of north-western (Indonesian) New Guinea, one of Asia's most isolated jungles. This area is a big virgin jungle, part of Mamberamo River stream, the biggest river in Papua.

After spending nearly a month in the locality, the researchers discovered a trove of animals never before documented: New species of frogs, butterflies, plants, and an orange-faced honeyyeater, the first new bird from the islands of Papua in more than 60 years. It's like a lost world has been found. The discoveries have led researchers to conclude that more than 300,000 hectares (750,000 acres) of old-growth tropical forest in the Foja Mountains remain untouched by humans. The team's main discoveries are:

  • A new species of honeyeater, the first new bird species discovered on the island of Papua since 1939
  • The formerly unknown breeding grounds of a "lost"bird ofparadise - the six-wired bird ofparadise (Parotia berlepschi
  • First photographs of the golden-fronted bowerbird displaying at its bower.
  • A new large mammal for Indonesia, the golden-mantled tree kangaroo (Dendrolagus pulcherrimus)
  • More than 20 new species of frogs, including a tiny microhylid frog less than 14 mm (a half-inch) long
  • A series oflereviously undescribedplant species, including five new species ofpalms A white-flowered rhododendron with flower about 15 cm across
  • Four new butterfly species.

Papua's forests in the furthest reaches of the Indonesian province of Papua (Irian) are some of the most bin diverse in the world, but they are increasingly under threat from commercial logging. However, the Foja Mountains are so isolated they remain untouched by human.

They also found animals, which supposed to extinct, such as Smoky Honey-eater Bird and Golden-fronted Bowerbird. The last found of this species, 1895 in Europe, was in a preserved form. The Biological Scientist thought that the bird was from a Dutch colony area in FastAsia. Now, after 110 yearspast, this species found on Papua Island in the mosteastem part ofindonesia.

Before this expedition there have been similar expeditions on the surrounding area, namely Wapoga Expedition (1998), Dabra and Yongsu (2000) and Raja Amapat (2002-2005). Foja Expedition was focused on the jungle beyond Mamberamo River, estuary of Manirim and Hotice Rivers, on 50-1,800 metres height above sea level. Ina whole, Foja Expedition booked at least 550 species ofplants 24 of which are palms and 5 of them are new-found species.

To commemorate the National Love Flora and Fauna Day on 5 November 2006,61e Directorate-General of Posts and Telecommunications of Indonesia issues a special stamp 'Flora Fauna" series with "New-Found Species in Papua"as a sub-theme. Atthe same date, Pas Indonesia issues the FDC.

Four of the new-found species are depicted on the FLORA & FAUNA stamp series consists of two palms and two birds. They are

1.  Licuala arbuscula

2.  Livistona mamberamoensis

3.  Melipotes carolae

4.  Amblyornis flavifrons

Licuala arbuscula Mogea

Local Name : pith (Kwerba Language)

A tree that can reach 8.50 metres in height, single stem 5.30 metres, long with 10 cm diameter, non-vegetative bud. It has 10 leaves at the crown, the height of the leafstalk is about 3 m. The base of the leaf stalk are throned. It has 22-24 circular leaves. The flowers are stooped, slender 80 cm-long. The fruits are round with a single 4 mm diameter seed.

The plant is found in Sarmi Regency, upper course of Mamberamo river, Trimuri village, Kwerba quarter. It lives in primary low-level tropical forest, on 80 m above sea level.

Livistona mamberamoensis Magee

Local name: snipe (Kerb Language)

This tree has 15 metres height, single stem 11.40 metres long with 12 cm in diameter, non-vegetative bud. Number ofleafat the crown are 15. Height of leaf stalk is about 2.5 m. The flowers are dangled, slender 2 in long. The plant has circle fruit with a single seed and diameter about 3.4 Mrs.

This member of the Pholidocarpus family is found in the same spot with Licuala arbuscula.

Melipotes carolae Beehler & Prawiraditaga

Smoky Honey eater

This bird is slim; his body is 23-24 cm in height and 52-65 grams in weight. Smoky Honey eaterhas black beak and legs, brown eyes, and a bright orange face patch with a pendant wattle under each eye. These patch distinguishes this species from othermembers of his family. Black feather covers his body with grey colour on the below part of his body

Found in Foja Mountains, West Papua on 1,000m above sea level, the bird lives on fruit trees which grow on the edge of the mountain.

Amblyorms flavifrons

Golden-fronted Bowerbird

The size of this bird is about 24 cm; its body weights 105-125 gram. The male has golden crest along his forehead through his crown and nape of neck; its brown-colored feather is beautiful. The female has no crest, only dull brown feather covers herbody.

Found in Foja Mountains, West Papua on 1000 in height above sea level, this bird is a fruit eater scattered on the base of the jungle. In fertile season, the male builds a bowers tower of twigs and other forest materials such as coloured-fruit for the mating ritual.

The series of this stamp issue consists of the following philatelic items:

1.  Set of 4 stamps (4 XRp 1.500, )

2.  Souvenir sheet depicting one palm plant (Licuala arbuscula Mogea) and one bird (Amblyornis flavifrons) (Rp5.000,-)

3.  First Day Cover (Rp 8.000,-)

4. Special/Limited Edition of uncut souvenirsheet (4 SS in one sheet) (Rp 100.000,-)

 

 

TECHNICAL DETAIL

STAMPS

Classification of issuance : Special Stamp

Product code        : 061010

Issue Date            : 5 November 2006

Designs & Denominations : 1/4 Melipotes carolee Beehler & Prawiradilaga : Rp 1.500,00

                                          2/4 Amblyornis flavifrons Rothchild  :  Rp 1.500,00

                                          3/4 Licuala arbuscula Mogea ; Rp 1.500,00

                                          4/4 Livistona mamberamoensis Mogea Rp 1.500,00                                         

Size                      : 31,96 mm x 31,96 mm 

Perforations          : 12.75 x 13.50

Colour                  : 6 colors

Paper                    : White unwatermarked

Gum                      : PVA

Printing Process     : Offset & Rotogravure

Printing quantity     : 180,000 sets

Sheet composition : 36 pieces (6x6) 

Price per-Sheet      : Rp 54,000.00 

 Designer                : Insight 

Printer                   : Perum PERURI  

 

SOUVENIR SHEET

Product Code : 061410

Denomination : 2 x Rp 2.500,00

Printing quantity : 30,000 sheets

 

FIRST DAY COVER (FDC)

Product code     : 082010 

Price    : Rp 8.000,00/set

Printing quantity : 4,000 sets

Designer           : Tata Sugiarta

 

LIMITED EDITION SOUVENIR SHEET

Compsition : Uncut

Price : Rp 100,000.00

Printing quantity : 5,000 sheets

 

 

 

STAMP SALES PERIOD: 5 November 2006 - 31 December 2009

Period of Validity for Postage : 5 November 2006 - 31 December 2011

 

 

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