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Stamps Issue Series

150th Anniversary of First Stamp in Indonesia 2014

1 April 2014

Indonesia Post Administration formally established on 27th September 1945, but the history of Indonesian Stamps was started from 1st April 1864, when the first Netherland Indies stamp was release.

The Netherland Indies

The first postage stamp in the Netherland Indies was printed in Utrecht Netherlands, on 1st April 1864. The stamp design showed a picture of King Willem III of Netherlands with a face value of ten cents in imperforation, design by T.W. Kaiser of Netherlands. Continued between 1864 and 1920, stamp design only showed picture of the King and Queen of Netherlands, some were showed in typographic design.

The Japanese Occupation

The Japanese Military Government, under the pressing circumtance of war, could not immediately issue new stamp. The fastest solution was to overprint of many remaining Dutch Colonial Stamps. Definitive stamps began to be issued in 1943, showed a traditional houses, dancer, temple, and view of rice field. Some were designed by Dick Ruhl, some also were designed by Basuki Abdullah one of Indonesia's most famous painter.

Republic of Indonesia's First Stamp

The first stamp released by the Indonesia Post Administration, after the Proclamation on Indonesia's Independence on 17th August 1945, were issued on 1st December 1946. Showed a furious bull and the words "INDONESIA MERDEKA" (Independence of Indonesia", the stamp was printed in Yogyakarta in a simple printing technique. Most of Indonesian stamp in this period were printed and overprinted in Jakarta, Bandung, Yogyakarta, Pematangsiantar, Padang, Palembang and Aceh.

The Beginning of Indonesia's Independence Period

In 1954, the first modern printer named "Pertjetakan Kebajoran" was opened, this moment was the starting of in-country stamp printing process. The local designer appeared, such as Amat bin Djupri, Kurnia & Kok, Junalies, etc. At this period, the government ordered the stamp design and production to Pertjetakan Kebajoran, the Post Telegraph and Telephone (PTT) has a duty to distributed the stamps to every post office in Indonesia.

The New Order & Present Period

Ahead of the government to announce its First Five Years Plan, the government issued a relatively lrge number of stamps with many different themes. The general themes foe stamps issued under New Order have drawn from national growth and development as related to social activitie, art, culture and tourism. Later, stamps printed in PERURI (The Indonesian Government Security Printing and Mint Corp.) a merger of two state companies, PN Pertjetakan Kebajoran and PN Artha Djaja (The State Mint).

This history point out that stamp, which first begins as proof of payment of postage costs, eventually began to perform a variety of mission and functions.

 

TECHNICAL DETAIL

STAMPS

Classification of Issuance

:

Commemorative

Product Code

:

141105

Issue date

:

1 April 2014

Designs and Denominations

:

1/3 Nederlands Indie's First Stamp, Rp 5.000,-

2/3 Stamp in Japanese Occupation Period, Rp 8.000,-

3/3 Republic of Indonesia's First Stamp, Rp 10.000,-

Size

:

30.00 mm x 40.00 mm

Perforations

:

12.75 x 13.50

Sheet Composition

:

24 pcs (6x4) with gutter

Price per Set

:

Rp 23.000,-

Colours

:

4 separation + 1 invisible ink

Paper

:

Tullis Russel

Gum

:

PVA

Printing Process

:

Offset

Printing Quantity

:

300.000 sets

Designer

:

Tata Sugiarta

Printer

:

Perum Peruri

SOUVENIR SHEET WITH HOLOGRAM

Product Code

:

141405

Price

:

Rp 50.000,-

Printing Quantity

:

40.000 sets

Designer

:

Tata Sugiarta

Printer : Cartor Security Printing

 

FIRST DAY COVER (FDC)

Product Code

:

142105

Price

:

Rp 25.500,-

Printing Quantity

:

5.000 sets

Designer

:

Tata Sugiarta

 

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