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100 Years Ki Hadjar Dewantara's Article "Als Ik een Nederlander was"

2 May 2013

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A Brief History of Ki Hadjar Dewantara

Ki Hadjar Dewantara actually named Raden  Mas Soewardi Soejaningrat. He was born in Yogyakarta on May 2, 1889. His nickname was Soewardi. Raden mas Soewardi Soerjaningrat born and raised in a noble family. His childhood was very lucky because he can get an ELS elementary schools, a special school for the Dutch and gently born.

After completing school in Yogyakarta, Soewardi Surjaningrat had an opportunity to continue his education to STOVIA, a special medical school for indigenous. But unfortunately, due to his bad breath, his education at STOVIA has cot completed.

After getting out the medical school, Ki hadjar Dewantara decided to work as a journalist and author on several local daily "Oetoesan Hindia", "Poesara", "De Expres", and "Kaoem Moeda". His writings was very good, communicative, and firmly against colonialism.

Ki Hadjar Dewantara Struggling Through Writing

As a writer and journalist, Ki Hadjar Dewantara often-scathing criticism to the Dutch government. Many writings published in the local newspaper. One of the article which contain scathing criticsm of the Dutch titled: "Als Ik een Nederlander was" which means "If  I were a Dutchman". Here's his quote:

"If I were a Dutchman, I'm not going to hold independence parties in the country who have looted their independence by us. Parallel with such logic, not only unfair, but also inappropriate to order the inlander contribute funding the celebration. Idea for a celebration that's already insulted them, and now we rake in their pocket anyway. Let's go ahead that inner and outer insult ! If I were a Dutchman, it is particularly offended me and my fellow countrymen that inlander required to company an activity that is no benefit at all for them".

As a result of Ki Hadjar Dewantara's acticle in the local media that contains criticsm of the Dutch government, he eventually arrested and exiled to the island of Bangka. Not long in Bangka, in 1913, Ki Hadjar Dewantara transferred to Holland along with Douwes Dekker, and Dr. Tjitpo Mangoenkoesoemo. These three figures effluent was then dubbed "Tiga Serangkai" (Three as Ones).

TECHNICAL DETAILS

STAMPS

 

Classification of Issuance

:

Commemorative

Product Code

:

131105

Issue date

:

2 May 2013

Designs and Denominations

:

Young Ki Hadjar Dewantara and De Express Newsoaoer, Rp 2.500,-

Size

:

41.06 mm x 25.31 mm

Perforations

:

12.75 x 13.50

Sheet Composition

:

24 pcs (6 x 4)

Price per Set

:

Rp 2.500,-

Colours

:

4 separation + 1 invisible ink

Paper

:

Tullis Russel

Gum

:

PVA

Printing Process

:

Offset

Printing Quantity

:

300.000 sets

Designer

:

Manchoe

Printer

:

Perum Peruri

 

FIRST DAY COVER (FDC)

Product Code

:

132106

Price

:

Rp 5.000,-

Printing Quantity

:

4.000 sets

Designer

:

Tata Sugiarta

 

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